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The information ia input in an 80 column format and is format free.
As the structure of the molecular states file is described, the reader should refer back to Table 5 as an example of the file organization. TABLE 5. Any information contained on this line after the radiating species identification is treated only as a comment and is subsequently ignored by the code. The three numbers must be separated by at least one blank, and may be integer, floating point, or exponential format. After all 3 the vibrational states have been listed, the next line must contain the word END beginning in Column 1. The next section of the molecular states file lists the vibrational transitions information.
This line is followed by as many lines as necessary to identify: each vibrational transition considered by NEMESIS, the effective earthshine temperature in K for che transition, and whether or not to compute the radiance along the observer LOS for the transition.
The minus, is the delimiter which separates the upper and lower states in the transition. It is important to note that a transition in the molecular states file must have the corresponding radiative relaxation and excitation processes listed in the chemical kinetics mechanism compare Tables 1 and 5.
Although the radiance may not be computed for a particular transition, it may be important to include the transition in the states file for the NEMESIS calculation. The vibrational transition, effective earthshine temperature, and LOS radiance option must be separated by at least one blank. After all the vibrational transitions information have been given, a line containing the word END beginning in Column 1 must follow.
CHEMKIN uses the information to obtain the altitude-dependent earthshine and sunshine excitation races, while NEMESIS uses the infornation to calculate the enhancement of molecular excited-state populations due to radiative trapping and atmospheric emission. Ic is much more efficient to discretize the line strength distribution. Finite width bins are chosen in which a single average line is deter In the limit of infinitesimal width bins the exact line strength distribution is recovered.
For reasonable choices of bin widths presently three bins per order of magnitude , the number of lines that need be considered can be reduced by several orders of magnitude without significant loss of computational accuracy. The molecular bands file indicates the vibrational transition along with the number of lines in a bin, the average strength in the bin, and the probability of finding a line in the bin. This information suffices to completely characterize the discretized line strength distribution. Again, the reader should refer back to Table 6 as an example of the file organization.
The first line in the bands file identifies the molecular species which must be the first entry on this line for which the file has been created. The information contained on this line after the species identification is treated only as a comment and is ignored by the code. The molecular species is checked against the radiating species identified in the molecular states file to ensure a consistent set of files is being used.
The next line contains the vibrational transition which is then followed by a list of the line strength parameters. As in the molecular states file, the vibrational transition is listed as "U-L" where "U" denotes the upper state, and "L" denotes the lower state for the transition. Each transition listed in the molecular states file must have a corresponding entry in the molecular bands file. The lines following vibrational transition describe the line strength distribution.
Each line must contain four numbers which characterize the particular line strength distribution bin.
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The entries must be in the following order: 1 the bin number not currently used by the code , 2 the number of lines in the bin, 3 the average line strength in 25 TABLE 6. Thus for the last bin the cumulative probability must be unity. The four 26 numbers contained on the line must be separated by at least one blank, and may be integer, floating point, or exponential format. After all the line strength bins have been listed for the particular transition, the next line must contain the word END beginning in Column 1.
There are a total of 95, lines in the file, although the bands currently supported by SHARC will use 72, of the lines. The lines in the file have been modified to speed up the LOS spectral radiance calculation. The first modification was to separate the total energy of the lower state, E", into vibrational, Ey, and rotational, E H , components.
Computational time is saved by storing Ey and E R rather than re-calculating them in the spectral radiance module. This modification speeds up the spectral radiance calculation by eliminating the calculations which depend on T s. Although the CPU savings realized by removing T g is fairly small per line, a typical calculation uses thousands of lines and, therefore, the total savings can be significant. In addition to the above parameters, there are a few parameters which are in the database and are not currently used by SHARC, but are included to support future extensions.
These include a self-broadening halfwidth, a coefficient of temperature dependence of air-broadened halfwidth, and upper and lower state local quanta indices. Using a binary representation of the file saves storage space and makes the reading time shorter than if the file was stored in an ASCII format. The profiles are layered into 60 29 homogeneous layers 61 layer boundaries defined in 2 km increments from 60 to km and in 10 km increments from to km.
The input file is checked for proper syntax and self-explanatory diagnostic messages are written to the SHARC error file if unacceptable syntax is encountered.
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The user can define a new atmosphere file by following a set of simple rules. A SHARC atmospheric file is structured as a series of input parameter identification cards followed by the actual input values at least one and an END card that denotes the end of the parameter input. As the various input parameters are described, it should help the user to refer back to Table 8.
TABLE 8. Each input parameter identification card must start in Column 1. After the appropriate data corresponding to the identification card has been entered into the file, the next line must contain the word END beginning in Column 1. There must be at least two layer boundaries, and the current maximum is 61 boundaries. Also, for a user-defined atmosphere the exoatmospheric temperature should be input as 0. This list of species must include all molecular species desired in the model atmosphere.
Also, each species listed in the atmosphere file must be listed as a species in the interpreter file. The next irput considered is the altitudes of the layer boundaries. Any number of lines may be entered to define the layer altitudes. The layers must be entered in ascending order. The input units are km and are converted to cm internally.
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Next the kinetic temperatures and species number densities are entered in such a way as to correspond to the layer boundary altitudes. The number of entries for the temperatures and each species number densities must equal the value of the parameter entered for the number of layer boundaries.
The procedure for the atmospheric species is continued until number densities have been defined for all atmospheric species listed in the SPECIES section of t ,e file. Of course, for detailed instiuctions concerning the creation of input files or definition of input variables, the user should refer to the appropriate sections of this report. INP, which contains the chemical kinetics mechanism for producing vibratlona11y excited states for the selected radiator.
The structure for this input file is discussed in some detail in Section 3. Any error messages created during prograa execution will be written to this file. LNK is a binary file i. The input file names are summarized in Table 9. This procedure should be carried out for each molecular radiator. These files have been described in detail in Sections 3 and 4 of this manual.
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INP will be created. INP files are described in detail in Sections 4. The interactive mode is useful in setting up new calculation scenarios, since the interactive input module can walk the user through the necessary input 36 variables. Planting had not been done, and it was now too late to plant crops for that season. Those buildings and homes that were still standing had been stripped dean of belongings. The difficult job of rebuilding the South began in earnest. Cattle and hogs were still scarce, due to soldiers slaughtering many during their occupation.
Rutherford County had approxi- mately 20 percent fewer horses, 20 percent fewer mules and asses, 6 percent fewer milch cows, 35 percent fewer sheep and 94 percent fewer swine. In comparing some individual families living in the Murfreesboro area, apparently life was so hard in Mur- fi-eesboro that many families left the area. Most of the families who left Murfreesboro were tenant farmers who had no reason to stay in an area being destroyed by war. There were a few families who greatly increased their real estate value during this year period; however, 50 percent of the families decreased the value of their real estate.
For many more years, Murfreesboro would continue to struggle with the trials of rebuilding homes, busi- nesses, and the town. The Kii Klux Klan created problems that had to be handled. There would be political problems for years as the radicals and conservatK'es fought for the Negro vote and learned to live with disenfranchisement, where many former Confederates were not allowed to vote. Their biggest problem, however, would be learning to accept that their former slaves were their equals. In The Monitor newspaper dated October 7, the editor wrote, Experience has proved that negroes are not equal to white men, and all attempts to place them on a footing of social and political equality vvill fail, and will prove injurious to both white and black.
Although Rutherford County and the rest of Tennessee avoided many of the worst aspects of the Reconstruc- tion period by being readmitted to the United States on July 24, , it would be almost 35 years before the people of Rutherford County would truly be able to say they were experiencing the type of growth they had achieved during the prewar years.
End Notes 1.
Spence, The Annals of Rutherford Cowity, vol. Spence, Tlje Annals of Rutherford County, vol.
Full text of "Publication"
James M. Spence, The Annals of Rutherford County, vol. The Union Volunteer Murfreesboro. Spence, Tlye Annals of Rutherford County, vol. The Monitor Murfreesboro. McPherson, James M. Pittard, Mabel.